This recording of researcher Robert O’Dowd presenting his description of the skills necessary for teachers to facilitate Online intercultural Exchange (OIE) was part of an online conference which was organised and hosted by the Language Centre at the University of Warwick. Recording a webinar or event is a great way of sharing afterwards and allows more people to review and respond to the content.
In this example the students have been sent a model answer to a question using screen cast technology. The teacher has highlighted the key points that should have been included in the answer using a word processor and then created the video where the teacher talks through the answer and what should be included. The teacher then sends the model answer to the students, who can then use the video to evaluate their own work. This can be an excellent way of doing self-evaluation since the students can listen to the video and decide what mark they should get, what was missing from their own essay etc.
The idea of the model answer video is to encourage the students to reflect and think about their own work. It is cognitively more demanding to get the students to think about their own work rather than simply provide feedback to the students. It works best where all the students are all writing the same essay since it would be impossible to create model answers for each question if each student did something different. Model examples of presentations, telling a story, describing something could all help students reflect on their own work.
Here is an example of using screen cast videos to give feedback to students on their vocabulary. The teacher has been taking notes in the classroom, focusing on some of the vocabulary problems the students are having. The teacher then writes up the words into a word processor and turns on the screen capture software and records themselves going through the words, providing guidance on pronunciation, stress and spelling. The teacher could even focus on meaning or provide an example sentence using the word. Once the recording is made, the teacher can send the video to the students via an email or upload the link or video to a blog, wiki or the virtual learning environment if the institution has one.
The teacher is providing feedback on the student’s written work. The teacher has opened the student’s work onto the screen, read it and then turns on the screen capture software and goes through the essay, highlight various parts and discussing it. The teacher could go through and make the highlights first and then begin the recording. The resulting video in then sent to the students. The students receive feedback that is both visual and aural. This particular idea has been widely disseminated, research has found that listening to the tutor’s voice gives greater insight into the tone of their feedback, this HEA funded research for example The teacher simply marks out the area of the screen and clicks a button. Whatever is under the marked area will be recorded as a video along with the voice. It makes no difference to the screen cast tool what is on the screen. It simply records the area that has been marked out. This particular example was used using SnagIt.
The original Speech Bubbles idea is based on children presenting words in their own mother tongue to other children across Europe (the programmes were broadcast on local television). Equally words in a foreign language can be presented. This practice is more suited for the lower language competences.
Words can be chosen from any theme which is done as part of the language lesson.
Learners can produce their own script making up a story according to their level. Create a puppet show means not only inventing a story, but also creating up characters, studying their way of speaking and their relationships. Speaking as someone other than ourselves, a puppet in this case, means you can say unusual things and communicate in unexpected situations. Hungry puppets go out and about to find food. Real objects and settings can be used to give an authentic touch to vocabulary. This example uses both English and German.
Creating music clips – with guidelines produced by the PopuLLar project. PopuLLar is a very successful European funded project that uses popular music, video and languages to motivate language learning. Secondary students work, mainly autonomously, to select, write, direct, act, video and edit their song productions. Over 65 videos have been produced by students so far and the project continues.